Origins of kayaking, a little history
There are many types of fishing, both in river and sea, some are ancestral with thousands of years of tradition, other techniques are given by some fad or by the technological evolution that makes sports equipment better and more complete.
Equipment and equipment necessary for kayaking in the sea
Below we list the kayak fishing equipment, both fishing material and personal safety equipment and some accessories.
✔ A single kayak or for two people: Depending on whether you like to go out alone or accompanied you can choose the model that best suits your tastes, although we recommend that for fishing in the sea, go out with a double kayak or with a partner as these are usually more unpredictable waters and can give you a scare.
✔ Life jacket: When choosing the right one, we must take into account our weight.
✔ Clothing and footwear: Thermal clothes are very necessary because we will be a long time with moisture and in the same position and the most affected parts such as the waist, feet, and hands should be well protected so they do not lose heart, a wetsuit to maintain body heat is usually the most used. For the feet, some neoprene or rubber boots are useful in case we have to land in rocky areas. Protection against the sun for the head by means of a hat or cap. We will use neoprene gloves, which will protect our hands and give us security when we take our catch.
✔ Paddles: It is advisable to carry a set of spare detachable paddles, it is possible that a wave, a blow against the rocks or an unexpected breakage will leave us without our means of propulsion, so it is advisable to carry some spare paddles.
✔ Waterproof flashlight: Preferably with flash button and emergency strobe flash.
✔ Ropes and carabiners: to secure the rods, paddles and all the material that is secured in our kayak.
✔ Fishing rods: whose measures are between 2.10 and 2.70 meters, the most used are the specific rods for jigging and fishing from the boat.
✔ A good line: We can use monofilament or braided, always remembering to use a fluorocarbon tip if we choose the latter.
✔ A varied assortment of artificial fish and special boxes for transport.
✔ Sometimes it is advisable to take a probe or GPS to spot the shoals of fish that we can locate under us.
✔ Other necessary materials should be, a stainless steel knife, foghorn, bilge pump, portable weather station, whistle, first aid kit, paddle float, etc.
It is very important to keep in mind that individual kayaking requires a certain technique to prevent the sea from playing tricks on us. We must anticipate what may happen, and check the complete equipment whenever we go fishing.
Kayak fishing can be a lot of fun, and it allows you to reach other places where other types of fishing are not possible. With this technique, we can get close to those rocks that are far from the shore or in cliffs of difficult access, where the fish swim carefree and in great numbers. We recommend this form of fishing with which you can go into many scenarios, always being careful and controlling the state of the sea.
How do I equip myself for sea kayaking in the winter?
It is normal when you are a beginner in kayak fishing to have doubts about what you will need when you go out to sea, what you will find, knowing that on those winter days when the fisherman is more vulnerable to the cold wind and rain is better not to skimp on equipment and material, “better safe than sorry”.
An indispensable material in our kayak fishing trips is the life jacket, it is obvious to say that this jacket will give us security in case of a possible fall into the water. Fishing from a kayak in cold days will be important to be equipped with a neoprene suit that isolates us from water humidity and thus avoids a loss of body heat.
Depending on the weather conditions, our equipment will be more or less complete. It is useless to go too warm if the temperature does not require it since we can get dehydrated by excessive sweating and we will have worse mobility when shoveling or casting our fishing rod.
The areas of our body that lose more heat are the head and extremities, that is why we have to be more aware of protecting these areas, a hood or cap will help us keep our head temperature in optimal conditions.
For the extremities, it is always better to use 3 to 5 mm thick neoprene material, as this material is ideal for keeping warm even when wet. A pair of neoprene gloves for the hands and some socks for our feet will be important pieces to keep us warm during cold kayak fishing.
Everything you need to know to practice fishing from sea kayaking
Fishing from kayak is a modality that is growing every day and is practiced by hundreds of fishermen of all ages with great success, that is why we reviewed some basic rules to be able to make this type of fishing successfully.
Kayak fishing is a fishing modality that can be practiced at any time of the year, it is also true that it is in summer when the number of practitioners does not stop being practiced even in the coldest dates of the year as it is in winter, where the water temperature and the environment is low making fishing from kayak more complicated.
In winter there is a greater energy consumption on our part to maintain an optimal body temperature, therefore, in more adverse conditions such as those that we may find in kayak fishing, calorie consumption will undoubtedly be higher, which is why we must choose a wardrobe according to these conditions that we can find on a cold day at sea or river with our fishing kayak.
We must reduce to the maximum the dispersion of heat from our body by choosing thermal and comfortable clothing that allows us to practice fishing from kayak, both in our casts, shovels and other efforts with total freedom of movement.
The typical day of a fisherman begins very early, you get up at 7, you look out the window and it is windy… it rains… the thermometer marks 8º… and you think ufff the water will be even colder… but your desire to fish, to enjoy that exciting feeling of being you and your kayak in the middle of the sea without knowing if that day will be the day of your “great catch” can more than any weather conditions, that is what motivates you every day to take out the kayak and set out to sea and enjoy your great passion… fishing!!! And now that you have decided, you ask yourself…
How do I feed myself while kayaking?
We have already seen how we have to shelter in days where the weather is not with us, but do we know how to feed ourselves during the kayak fishing? Kayak fishing is an activity that can be really physically demanding, since being in a static position in our kayak for several hours, paddling to reach good fishing areas and struggling with large catches requires considerable physical strength and that is why a proper diet during our kayak trips will give us that extra strength we will need when we are in the water.
Managing food in kayak fishing is not only for great sportsmen. Whether it is a competition or simply an outing with your colleagues, kayak fishing requires a significant effort.
It is of vital importance to get good nutrition before starting the day to give your body the previous energy you will need to start our day in the kayak. Carbohydrates, proteins and some fats will be the magic recipe that will make you not faint during a day of fishing in the middle of the sea.
Because the fishing days from kayak are long it is convenient to make the first meal with carbohydrates of slow absorption, (pasta, rice, wholemeal bread, etc) that will give us prolonged energy during our day.
It is also important to have a source of high quality protein and low fat content, such as turkey ham, chicken breast, eggs, cured ham, tuna, etc., which will give us an extra boost of energy to our muscles and will satisfy us so that we do not need to eat for at least 2 or 3 hours.
With regard to fats, an ideal option is nuts (almonds, walnuts, cashews, etc.) which will give us an important source of energy from polyunsaturated fats and powerful antioxidants.
Once we have given our body the necessary energy to be able to go fishing from a kayak, it is convenient to take provisions to replace the energy lost during the effort.
To replenish the maximum energy, choose the duo of fast-absorbing carbohydrates/slow absorbing carbohydrates. The former will satisfy your specific nutritional needs and the latter your needs for continuous effort.
An easy and convenient option is the energy bars, which provide us with fast energy, providing slow absorbing sugars (cereals) and fast absorbing sugars (chocolate or nuts) at the same time. They are not very bulky and can be stored in a vest pocket or in a waterproof container, like a small nautical bag.
As a general rule, it is vital to always be well hydrated, as in the sea the sensation of humidity can make us forget to drink enough water and suffer from very dangerous dehydration in the middle of the sea.
One option is to take with us a drink enriched with isotonic mineral salts without too much sugar, as these will produce dryness in the mouth and will not provide sufficient hydration.
At the end of the fishing day from the kayak, the muscles will be exhausted and will suffer micro-injuries or micro fibrillary ruptures, which will cause pain the next day, the famous aches and pains.
To minimize and accelerate the recovery process it is advisable to consume proteins rich in various amino acids, a meal with eggs, for example in an omelet will be enough for our muscles to recover and allow us to leave the next day in our kayak and is that fishing from kayak hooks, we assure you!
How to perform the rowing technique in kayak fishing?
A good diet is not the only key to success in an extended fishing trip from kayak. The technique of paddling and paddling is essential to save unnecessary efforts and dose our energies for the really important, the throws and struggles with our dear fish.
For an efficient paddle, you must maintain an ideal position in our kayak, keeping your back straight in our seat will give us greater comfort and functionality when shoveling, in addition to not loading both the lumbar.
The arms in the paleo must be fully extended to give greater strength in each paleo and thus be more efficient and save that precious energy.
There are pedal kayaks, a good option to help us with our legs in the progress of our kayak. In a kayak trip to fish, fishing usually takes precedence over the search for speed and displacement. For this reason, it is important to adapt the distance and the route of the exit to your physical conditions.
To not end up exhausted in the first half-hour and not be able to perform our sets with ease due to fatigue, it is advisable to start with a slow, wide and regular paleo, so that our muscles go into heat and there are no unexpected jerks.
What safety equipment is required for sea kayaking?
As is normal, kayaking is regulated and approved, to be able to fish from a kayak in the sea beyond 2 miles from the coast, our kayak must be approved by the manufacturer and registered with the maritime administration. The coast is understood as the place where a boat can dock or be safely moored.
There are 3 delimited zones for navigation, depending on the distance you are from the coast:
- Zone 1: the navigation distance is up to 300 m, within which you can navigate without safety materials and with a non-approved boat.
- Zone 2: limited to 2 miles from the coast, within which non-registered kayaks can navigate with the obligatory safety equipment on board.
- Zone 3: delimited between 2 and 6 miles from the coast, the safety equipment for the kayak is required.
Basic material required for sea fishing kayaks:
- A minimum vest per person, minimum 50 N
- Lighting devices to be easily located (projectors, waterproof lamp, etc.)
- A mobile or fixed device to shrink water, such as a shovel
- Material to recover people who have fallen into the water
- A towing device (tow rope 5 to 8 m)
- A paddle float to climb without help to the boat
In addition to these mandatory basic elements, we advise you to take other accessories onboard:
- 1 Reserve paddle or oar
- 1 Portable phone in a waterproof bag
- Dry clothes in a waterproof bag
To be able to fish in kayak at a coastal distance of up to 6 miles it is necessary to go with a minimum of 2 kayaks in addition to the basic equipment described above:
- 3 signal lamps
- A signaling mirror
- An acoustic signaling device (a mist horn or whistle)
- A magnetic compass or a GPS
- A nautical chart of the navigation area
- RIPA (International Regulations for Preventing Collisions at Sea)
- A floating waterproof VHF radio transmitter/receiver
It is important to know that kayaks are only allowed to navigate during the day and not at night.
Other considerations for your safety in kayaking
To protect and conserve the material it is essential to carry it in a waterproof container to prevent it from being damaged, especially hand torches, which are very sensitive to moisture.
It is advisable to check the condition and obsolescence dates of electronic devices, GPS and others. Before going fishing with your kayak, always inform yourself about the state and evolution of the weather and sea conditions.
The sea is very treacherous, and although it may seem calm in a matter of minutes the conditions can become very adverse and be in real trouble especially if you are far from the coast and do not have enough experience in this type of situation. And especially if you are a passionate kayaker, have fun and enjoy this great sport.
There are many points of sale for fishing kayaks online or specialized physical stores. If you want to buy a model of inflatable kayak, hard, pedal or paddle, take into account all these factors that we have described before launching to choose one of them. There are many well-known brands in the sector such as Urkan Kayak, Ocean Kayak, Galaxy or Free Kayak among others.